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[Paleo-Indian Period] [Southern Ontario Projectile Points] [London Chapter Menu]

REFERENCE: Ellis, C. - 1981 Hi-Lo Points. KEWA 81-2.

Text of Original Publication follows.


SIZE: Hi-Lo points range from 26-59mm in length, 18-29.5mm in width, and 6.5- 11 mm. in thickness.

SHAPE: These lanceolate points have "eared" concave haft elements, exhibiting basal and lateral grinding and basal facial thinning usually attained by the removal of one or More parallel-sided flakes. There is considerable variability in blade shape, largely due to resharpening. Unresharpened or little resharpened points have excurvate blade edges with maximum width and thickness at blade midpoint, a biconvex to plano-convex cross-section and a slight shoulder at the blade element-haft element juncture. Resharpened points have straight to incurvate lateral edges, maximum width and thickness at the top of the lateral grinding, a biconvex to "twisted" parallelogram cross-section and little or no shoulders.

FLAKING: Unresharpened specimens exhibit a well-executed collateral to rough parallel flaking but resharpened points show little consistent pattern to removals. 66% of the available sample exhibit edge beveling, predominantly on the left and on alternate edges.

RAW MATERIAL: Onondaga, Haldimand and Kettle Point chert are the predominant identifiable materials on Ontario sites.

DISTRIBUTION: Hi-Lo points are found throughout south-western Ontario and along the north shore of Lake Ontario. They also occur in Michigan, Wisconsin, and possibly, Minnesota and Northern Illinois.

AGE & CULTURAL AFFILIATIONS: Hi-Lo points are considered. to be a late PaleoIndian point form. The combination of a lanceolate shape and a high incidence of edge beveling occurs elsewhere only on Dalton points (Chapman 1948), and its regional variants such as San Patrice-Hope (Duffield 1963). These forms are dated between 10,500 and 9,500 B.P.

REMARKS: Point blade elements can be reworked into end scrapers and perforators and are sometimes laterally notched.

Additional information not included with the original publication.

For pictures of Hilo points see The Welke-Tonkonoh Site by Dr. Chris Ellis..

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