OAS - London Chapter
Southern Ontario Projectile Points

[Southern Ontario Prehistoric Periods & Points] [London Chapter Menu]


The London Chapter of the Ontario Archaeological Society has published a set of projectile point type definitions in its' newsletter Kewa. They are reproduced here from the original publication to make them available to a wider audience. The point types from Southern Ontario have cultural affinities into adjacent regions especially New York State, Michigan and Ohio. Where it was felt that the types occurring in Ontario were identical to already defined types, these names have been perserved (e.g. Meadowood, Genesee, Hi-Lo, Barnes etc.). The text of the original publication has been preserved intact and is identified in each type. Additional information, particularly pictures displaying the variability, may be included as a separate link. All information is copyrighted by the London Chapter OAS. 

Your comments and suggestions are welcome. Submissions are also welcome but will be subject to review by the KEWA editors as new definitions will be published there first. We would greatly appreaciate plates depicting samples of the various point types. Please send any material to Jim Keron.

Southern Ontario Prehistoric Time Periods and Projectile Points

The point types are accessable under the following time periods. Also, detailed information regarding the period is available upon selecting the appropriate title and includes a corresponding point type list.
PALEO-INDIAN 9,000 B.C. - 7,500 B.C. Early:
  • Gainey Fluted
  • Barnes Fluted
  • Crowfield Fluted

  • Late:

  • Hi-Lo
  • Holcombe
  • Madina Plano 
  • Plainville Plano 

    EARLY & 
    7,500 B.C. - 2,500 B.C.
  • Nettling
  • Stanly / Neville
  • Thebes
  • Brewerton Corner-Notched

    LATE ARCHAIC 2,500 B.C. - 1,000 B.C.
  • Genesee
  • Adder Orchard
  • Innes Point
  • Crawford Knoll

    EARLY WOODLAND 1,000 B.C. - 400 B.C.
  • Meadowood
  • Meadowood Cache Blades
  • Kramer

    MIDDLE WOODLAND 400 B.C. - A.D. 500
  • Saugeen Points
  • Snyders
  • Vanport

    LATE WOODLAND A.D. 500 - A.D. 1650
  • Dewaele
  • Glen Meyer Tanged-Triangular
  • Nanticoke Notched
  • Nanticoke Triangular
  • Daniels Triangular


    Regional Projectile Point Types

    The following sites provide further information on projectile point types from other regions of North America. 

    Manitoba Manitoba Culture History: Overview , Brian Schwimmer, University of Manitoba. (The point types are intermixed in the broader discussion) 

    Southern New England #1 Major Aboriginal Projectile Point Types in Southern New England Chart of Point Types by Time Period, Tara Prindle, NativeTech: Native American Technology & Art. 

    Southern New England #2 Projectile Point Catalog, ARCH-Net, University of Connecticut. 

    New England New England Projectile Point Typology, Curtiss Hoffman, Bridgewater State College, Massachusetts. 

    Ohio What's the Point? Identifying Flint Artefacts, The Ohio Public Library Information Network and the Ohio Historical Society. 

    North Carolina Piedmont #1 Projectile Points of the North Carolina Piedmont, H. Trawick Ward, The Research Laboratories of Archaeology, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

    Pennsylvannia Somerset County Archaeology Society 

    North Carolina Piedmont #2 Uncertain Author. 

    North Carolina Piedmont #3 The Ultra-Amazing Quasi-Accurate North Carolina Piedmont Projectile Point Sequence, Dingofuzz(?). 

    Alaska and Yukon (Paleo only) Northern Fluted Points: Database, Inventory and Bibliography, George Pearson, University of Kansas. 

    Iowa (Paleo and Archaic) Iowa's Prehistoric past, ffice of the State Archaeologist, University of Iowa. 

    Minnesota Projectile Points of Minnesota, Daniel K. Higginbottom, University of Minnesota. 

    Indianna An Introduction to the Prehistory of Indiana, James H. Kellar, The Glen H. Black Labratory of Archaeology, Indianna University. (The point types are intermixed in the broader discussion) 

    Wisconsin Chipped Stone Projectile Points of Western Wisconsin, Jeremy L. Neinow and Robert F. Boszhardt, Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center at the University of Wisconsin - La Crosse 

    Northwestern Plains Northwestern Plains Projectile Point Type Chronology, Damone Illustration, G.L. Damone III. 

    Southwest (Archaic) Archaic Pprojectile Point Typology in the North American Southwest, Bruce Hucknel, University of New Mexico And University of California at Berkley. 

    North America #1 LITHICS-Net, Art Gumbus. 

    North America #2 Point Typology, ArtiFAQs.org: A Collectors Notebook of Information and Ethics. Handle with care. The site smacks of collectors

    Other Projectile Point Sources

    The following sites provide further information on projectile point types. 

    Bibliography Projectile Point Types: The Neverending DRAFT Bibliography, Smoke (Michael A.) Pfeiffer. See here also

    Fluted Points A North American Paleoindian Projectile Point Database, David G. Anderson and Michael K. Faught, Forida State University. 

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