[Late Woodland Period] [Southern Ontario Projectile Points] [London Chapter Menu]
DANIELS TRIANGULAR POINT
SIZE: These generally small bifaces range from 17-41 mm. in length, 9-27 mm. in width and 3-7 mm. in thickness.
SHAPE: The modal lateral edge configuration of these triangular points is convex, while the base is usually concave. However, both the lateral and basal edges can be convex, straight or concave, or any combination of these. Cross-sections are primarily bi-convex and lenticular.
FLAKING: There is a great variation in secondary flake scar attributes and distribution over these bifaces; however, the patterning is usually irregular and totally bifacial. Some specimens may exhibit only edge retouching on one or both faces.
RAW MATERIAL: The majority of the Daniels Triangular points are manufactured of Onondaga chart, although some Ancaster, Niagara and Kettle Point chert specimens have been recorded.
DISTRIBUTION: These points occur throughout the Niagara Peninsula and the middle to lower Grand River drainage, as well as the Hamilton vicinity and Northeast to the Milton area. They have also been recovered from several village sites in Chatham.
AGE AND CULTURAL AFFILIATIONS: Daniels Triangular points characterize the Neutral Confederacy from c.1550 A.D. until their mid-seventeenth century dispersal. They appear to date earlier on the Chatham area villages and are closely analogous to Ritchie's (1971) Madison points from New York State.
REMARKS: These small triangular bifaces were manufactured on flake blanks and probably served primarily as arrowpoints. Their variable form suggests that little time was expended in the manufacture of these points, which are usually abundant on late proto-historic and historic period Neutral villages.
REFERENCE: Fox, W.A. - 1981 Daniels Triangular Points. KEWA 81-1. ( Text of Original Publication )
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