[Late Woodland Period] [Southern Ontario Projectile Points] [London Chapter Menu]
SIZE: These notched bifaces range from 29-59 mm in length, 14-22 on in width, 4-7 mm in thickness and display inter-notch widths varying from 8 to 16 mm.
SHAPE: Blade edges are convex, while the base can be convex to concave in form. The modal basal edge configuration is convex. Hafting elements vary from side notched to expanding stemmed, depending on the size of notches. A lenticular bi-convex blade cross- section is the norm.
FLAKING: Most DeWaele points are characterized by flat, expanding flake patterns; however, hinged flake terminations are not uncommon. Although complete bifacial retouch obscures the evidence, it does appear likely that these points were manufactured from flake blanks.
RAW MATERIAL: Onondaga chert.
DISTRIBUTION: DeWaele points are found from western Middlesex and Elgin Counties to at least as far east as the Duffins Creek drainage, east of Toronto.
AGE AND CULTURAL AFFILIATIONS: This Glen Meyer point form occurs as a minority type on sites dating from c.850-1250 A.D.
REMARKS: While the origin of the DeWaele point form is obscure (it may have developed out of the earlier "Raccoon side notched" type), there is little doubt that this Iroquoian notched biface evolves into the later Middleport Notched and Nanticoke Notched forms. The Onondaga chert DeWaele bifaces have much in common with the Nanticoke Notched type, in that they are often reworked as drills and may have had a wider range of functions than contemporary triangular point forms. Similarly, these bifaces were also exported to the east, where they are reported on Pickering villages such as the Miller site.
REFERENCE: Fox, W.A. - 1982 DeWaele Points. KEWA 82-3. ( Text of Original Publication )
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